Bradley Armored Medical Evacuation Vehicle (AMEV)
The AMEV overcomes the casualty treatment shortcomings of the M113 Armored Personnel Carrier in the medical evacuation role by providing room for the medical attendant to monitor patient condition en-route, access stored medical equipment, and improved medical capabilities. Improvements in medical capabilities include an on-board oxygen production unit, a medical suction system, improved litter configuration, and provisions for a medical mentoring system. The AMEV will have the communications and situational awareness capabilities, compatible with the force it supports, which will be necessary to survive and provide support on the 21st Century battlefield. An armored medical evacuation vehicle will correct known deficiencies in the currently used M113A2/A3 armored personnel carrier: inadequate casualty evacuation and treatment capacity; poor patient and attendant ride stabilization; limited patient in-transit support by medical aidmen; inadequate space for supplies, equipment, and personnel; and not being able to keep up with the units it supports on the battlefield. The Army's Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations approved the Mission Need Statement for Medical Evacuation for Combat Casualty Care in December 1995. The AMEV ORD was approved by TRADOC on 18 October 96. This provided clearance for exploration of options and long range programming of funds for procurement. Options included wheeled armored vehicles, improved versions of the M113 family, a modified Bradley Fighting Vehicle and the Future Infantry Vehicle. An AMEV prototype participated in an Army Warfighting Experiment in 1997 to further define final configuration and specifications.
M113A4 Armored Medical Evacuation Vehicle AMEVThe M113A4 Armored Medical Evacuation Vehicle represents the means to treat and evacuate combat casualties from Armor and Mechanized Infantry battalions on the 21st Century battlefield, while providing a standard of care similar to that in other modern medical evacuation vehicles and aircraft. The M113 AMEV is equipped with the RISE power package consisting of the Detroit Diesel 400 hp 6V53TA engine coupled with the Allison X200-4A transmission, providing the power and reserve necessary to maintain pace with front line units. Complementing the M577A4 Armored Treatment Vehicle and sharing many common components, the M113A4 Armored Medical Evacuation Vehicle supports the required mission profile including:
- accommodations for four litter or eight ambulatory patients
- movable attendant's seat
- an over pressure NBC air filtration system
- patient support systems
- engine noise reduction
- Geneva Convention markings.
M2A0 Armored Medical Evacuation Vehicle AMEVRecapitalization of M2A0 Bradley chassis is the most realistic, cost effective, and economical manner of replacing the aging M113 fleet. The M2A0 platform is modified by removing the turret, raising the roof, moving fuel tanks to the exterior, installing Bradley M2A2 armor protection and transmission TEC upgrade. The vehicle is further modified to meet medical requirements by incorporating 1) an oxygen distribution system, 2) litters for up to four personnel, 3) seating for up to eight ambulatory patients, 4) medical lighting, and 5) stowage for medical equipment. The total Army requirement is 1,491 vehicles for all Force Packages. The FY02-07 unfunded requirement of $303.7M reflects the TRADOC sponsored Armored Systems Modernization Report recommendation to field AMEVs to 6 active divisions; 1 active ACR; Army Pre-positioned Stock (APS) 3,4,5; two enhanced Separate Brigades; and the training base (675 vehicles). An additional $4.4M is needed for the logistics tail in FY08 to complete fielding. The remaining 816 vehicles are estimated at $721.4 Million in the FY08-13 EPP.
The BFoV includes the following variants:
Armored Medical Evacuation Vehicle (AMEV), Armored Medical Treatment Vehicle (AMTV), Bradley Command Post (BCP), Bradley Mortar Vehicle (BMV), and the Bradley General Purpose Vehicle (BGPV)
Survivability and Force Protection
BFoV platforms possess exceptional survivability against kinetic energy and artillery munitions.With the common Bradley reactive armor installed, the BFoV will provide the same level ofhand-held High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) and Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) protection asthe BFV. BFoV platform design incorporates all of the Bradley Urban Survivability Kits (BUSK)that have been developed in response to the changing threat environment.
The BFoV variants are as mobile and agile as the platforms currently residing in the HBCT formation. This increased mobility over the M113 FoV provides the maneuver commander the freedom to execute operations without being hindered by the inability of his critical battlefield functions to keep up with the rest of the force.
Sustainability, Commonality, and Future Growth
BFoV replacements for the M113 FoV establishes 74% commonality across the HBCT formation thus reducing the HBCT logistics tail, simplifies crew and maintenance training and enables more efficient sustainment and capability upgrades.
Ability to Integrate Enhanced Mission Equipment Packages (MEPs)
The increase in available space provides the ability to integrate more capable MEPs for each mission role.
Vehicle combat weight: 72,500 lbs/32,885 kg
Personnel capacity: 3 man crew with 4 litter casualties and 4 ambulatory casualties, or 6 ambulatory casualties
Overall length: 274 inches / 6.9 m
Width: 131 inches / 3.3 m
Height with commander’s hatch: 100 inches / 2.5 m
Engine: 600 hp
Fuel tank (external): 188 gallons / 712 liters
Speed: 38 mph / 61 km/h
Cruising range: 250 miles / 402 km
Turning radius: pivot to infinite
Side slope: 40%
Trench crossing: 84 inches / 2.1 m
Vertical wall crossing: 30 inches / 7 m
Ground clearance: Front 17 inches / 4 m; Rear 15 inches / 3 m
Environmental Cooling System (ECS): 60 kBTU
Interior volume: 429 ft3 / 130 m3
Interior height (floor to ceiling): 63 inches / 1.6 m
Mission support equipment/basic life support: Basic airway, oxygen suction, bleed control, vital signs monitor, splints, extrication gear
Advanced trauma life support: Advanced airway, ventilation, fluid change, medication
Asian Defence News