In early September, the President of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon, met Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in New Delhi in order to strengthen relations between the two countries, particularly in the areas of trade, energy and Safety. The IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses) said in a report released Sept. 18 issues of the "strategic partnership".
At this meeting in early September, the two leaders had agreed to strengthen bilateral cooperation in many areas - including political, economic, scientific, defense, fight against terrorism. President Rahmon's visit shows the willingness of India to grant a greater role in Tajikistan's foreign policy, describing it also as a "key partner." According to the IDSA, the importance of India to Tajikistan is primarily geostrategic, partly because the country bordering China, Afghanistan and is located near the Pok (Pakistan human rights of migrants). In the current contexts of Afghanistan where the Taliban have a big impact and Pakistan, where violence continues to grow, Tajikistan is therefore of great importance for India. On the one hand, extremist forces could infiltrate the country, which would have serious consequences for the security of India near the Pok and Kashmir. On the other hand, Tajikistan has the largest water resources of the region, is a hydroelectric power. It is the largest producer of hydroelectricity in the CIS after Russia. The country also has many reservations mercury and zinc, real opportunities for India.
It is in this context that Tajikistan and India have strengthened their relationship in the field of defense and security to deal with extremism and terrorism. India and Tajikistan have wanted to improve the dialogue between their security agencies and their foreign ministers to coordinate their efforts to work within the JWG (Joint Working Group) in the international fight against terrorism. According to the IDSA, the strengthening of relations shows that India intends to play an increasing role and to consolidate its power in the region Central Asia. Through the new policy "Connect Central Asia", India increases its economic and military capabilities to ensure a strategic influence in the region. President Rahmon's visit confirms the commitment of both countries to boost their cooperation in order to create a long-term strategic partnership. However, the success of this partnership depends on the effective implementation of individual agreements made (political, security, economic, energy and cultural).